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Chiropractic Care for Infants, Children & Adolescents

The practice of chiropractic consists of examination, assessment, diagnosis, treatment and management of spinal, joint and related neuromusculoskeletal dysfunction. Chiropractic care is based upon the biological and physiological sciences which apply equally to infants, children and adolescents as they do to adults.

Children can experience problems with neuromusculoskeletal functioning in the same way that adults can. For example, back pain is a prevalent condition among children.(1,2)

In the presence of neuromusculoskeletal dysfunction, and in the absence of contraindications, chiropractic adjustment is an appropriate and effective procedure. The chiropractor has an important role in providing care to infants, children and adolescents for neuromusculoskeletal conditions that fall within the scope of chiropractic practice, as well as providing a conservative, natural approach to body mechanics, posture and function.

In the best interest of the patient, chiropractors refer to physicians and other health care practitioners when diagnosis does not indicate chiropractic care, or when additional health care intervention may be required. Chiropractors will also co-manage a condition in co-operation with other health care professionals when more than one treatment modality will benefit the patient.

Doctors of chiropractic, as with all health care professionals, are required to obtain a patient’s informed consent before commencing any examination, diagnostic procedure or treatment.(3) If the patient is a minor, chiropractors must obtain informed consent from a parent or legal guardian.

The Canadian Chiropractic Association represents the professional interests of Canada’s chiropractors. Chiropractic is a regulated health care profession recognized by statute in all Canadian provinces, and is one of the largest primary health care professions in Canada. The practice of chiropractic consists of the examination, assessment, diagnosis, treatment, management and prevention of spinal, joint and related neuromusculoskeletal disorders.

April 2002


1,2 Troussier B, Davoine P, de Gauudemaris R, Fauconnier J, Phelip X. Back Pain in School Children: A Study Among 1178 Pupils. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitative Medicine. 1994; 26: 143-146.
Olsen T L, Anderson R L, Dearwater MS, et al. The Epidemiology of Low Back Pain in an Adolescent Population. American Journal of Public Health. 1992; 82(4): 606-608.
3 Henderson D, Chapman-Smith D, Mior S, Vernon H. Clinical Guidelines for Chiropractic Practice in Canada. Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association 1994; 38(1 Suppl): 3.
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