Sprain – Hip, Knee, Ankle & Foot
Sprain is an injury to a ligament that may present in small or larger tears or stretching of the fibres.
Causes: A ligament sprain can be caused by a trauma or accident, overextension of the ligament or severely stressing the joint. Strains can be either acute or chronic.
Symptoms: Signs and symptoms can vary depending on the mechanism of injury, or if it is an acute sprain versus a chronic strain. However, common symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, muscle spasms and limited range of motion. Some people may also hear or feel a “pop” around the joint.
Examples: Ankle sprain, meniscus sprain, medial collateral ligament (MCL) sprain, lateral collateral ligament (LCL) sprain, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprain, posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) sprain.
How our experts can help: Depending on the findings of the history and patient examination, the chiropractor may recommend patient reassurance, manual therapies, modalities and lifestyle recommendations including rehabilitation. However, the plan of management will be individualized to the patient’s needs and examination findings. The treatment options may include:
- Patient education and reassurance
- Manipulation or mobilization of related joints if dysfunction is present
- Soft tissue therapy
- Modalities including electrical stimulation, acupuncture, ultrasound and others
- Rehabilitation and exercises
- Ergonomic and lifestyle changes