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Strain – Elbow, wrist & hand


Strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon that may present in small or larger tears or stretching of the fibers.

Causes: A muscle strain can be caused by a trauma or accident, muscle overuse or due to dysfunctional movement. Strains can be either acute or chronic, and typically happens as a result of the muscle or tendon being stretched or torn. Strains are not restricted to athletes as anyone can be susceptible to a strain.

Symptoms: Signs and symptoms can vary depending on the mechanism of injury, or if it is an acute strain versus a chronic strain. However, common symptoms include pain, swelling, stiffness, bruising, muscle spasms and limited range of motion.

Examples: Lateral epicondylitis/tennis elbow, medial epicondylitis/golfer’s elbow

How our experts can help: Depending on the findings of the history and patient examination, the chiropractor may recommend patient re-assurance, manual therapies, modalities and lifestyle recommendations including rehabilitation. However, the plan of management will be individualized to the patients’ needs and examination findings. The treatment options may include:

  • Patient education & re-assurance
  • Mobilization or Manipulation of related joints if dysfunction present
  • Soft tissue therapy
  • Modalities including electrical stimulation, acupuncture, ultrasound and others
  • Rehabilitation and exercises
  • Ergonomic & lifestyle changes
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