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Strain – Hip, Knee, Ankle & Foot


Strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon that may present in small or larger tears or stretching of the fibres.

Causes: A muscle strain can be caused by a trauma or accident, muscle overuse or due to dysfunctional movement. Strains can be either acute or chronic, and typically happen as a result of the muscle or tendon being stretched or torn. Strains are not restricted to athletes as anyone can be susceptible to a strain.

Symptoms: Signs and symptoms can vary depending on the mechanism of injury, or if it is an acute strain versus a chronic strain. However, common symptoms include pain, swelling, stiffness, bruising, muscle spasms and limited range of motion.

Examples: Piriformis syndrome, shin splints, hamstring strain, groin/adductor strain

How our experts can help: Depending on the findings of the history and patient examination, the chiropractor may recommend patient reassurance, manual therapies, modalities and lifestyle recommendations including rehabilitation. However, the plan of management will be individualized to the patient’s needs and examination findings. The treatment options may include:

  • Patient education and reassurance
  • Mobilization or manipulation of related joints if dysfunction is present
  • Soft tissue therapy
  • Modalities including electrical stimulation, acupuncture, ultrasound and others
  • Rehabilitation and exercises
  • Ergonomic and lifestyle changes
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